Love scenes, erotic or not, have been presented in films since the silent era of cinematography.
A pornographic film, on the other hand, is a sex film which does not usually claim any artistic merit.
Producers such as Russ Meyer produced films which featured actresses with large breasts.
French filmmaker Catherine Breillat caused controversy with unsimulated sex in her films Romance (1999) and Anatomy of Hell (2004).
In Italy, nudity and strong sexual themes go back to the silent era with films such as The Last Days of Pompeii (1926).
The Kiss (1896) contained a kiss, which was regarded as a sex scene and drew general outrage from movie goers, civic leaders, and religious leaders, as utterly shocking, obscene and completely immoral.
One contemporary critic wrote, "The spectacle of the prolonged pasturing on each other's lips was beastly enough in life size on the stage but magnified to gargantuan proportions and repeated three times over it is absolutely disgusting." Perhaps in defiance of the righteous indignation and "to spice up a film", the film was followed by many kiss imitators, including The Kiss in the Tunnel (1899) and The Kiss (1900).