There is a relative homogeneity in topography, with few areas at a high elevation.
Since the sixteenth century, the capital has been Copenhagen, which is also the largest city. The first census in 1769 counted a total of 797,584 people; by 1998, the total population was 5,294,860.
This situation has sometimes created friction between local history and national history.
Danes use the flag at festive occasions, including birthdays, weddings, sports events, political meetings, and public holidays.
Hymns, songs, and ballads provide metaphors associated with Danish nationality, the mother tongue, school, history, and homeland.
Within a span of one-hundred fifty years, Denmark changed from an agricultural to an industrialized society.
In the late nineteenth century, two-thirds of the population lived in rural areas and engaged in agriculture; today, only 15 percent live in rural areas, and many of those people have city jobs.